Emerging Infectious Diseases journal – CDC

Expedited Ahead-of-Print Articles

<
1 of #
>

Synopses

  • Fatal Outbreak in Tonkean Macaques Caused by Possibly Novel Orthopoxvirus, Italy, January 2015
    PDF Version [PDF – 4.93 MB – 9 pages]

    G. Cardeti et al.

       
    View Abstract

    In January 2015, during a 3-week period, 12 captive Tonkean macacques at a sanctuary in Italy died. An orthopoxvirus infection was suspected because of negative-staining electron microscopy results. The diagnosis was confirmed by histology, virus isolation, and molecular analysis performed on different organs from all animals. An epidemiologic investigation was unable to define the infection source in the surrounding area. Trapped rodents were negative by virologic testing, but specific IgG was detected in 27.27% of small rodents and 14.28% of rats. An attenuated live vaccine was administered to the susceptible monkey population, and no adverse reactions were observed; a detectable humoral immune response was induced in most of the vaccinated animals. We performed molecular characterization of the orthopoxvirus isolate by next-generation sequencing. According to the phylogenetic analysis of the 9 conserved genes, the virus could be part of a novel clade, lying between cowpox and ectromelia viruses.

       
    Cite This Article

    Cardeti G, Gruber C, Eleni C, Carletti F, Castilletti C, Manna G, et al. Fatal Outbreak in Tonkean Macaques Caused by Possibly Novel Orthopoxvirus, Italy, January 2015. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):1941-1949. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.162098
    Cardeti G, Gruber C, Eleni C, et al. Fatal Outbreak in Tonkean Macaques Caused by Possibly Novel Orthopoxvirus, Italy, January 2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):1941-1949. doi:10.3201/eid2312.162098.
    Cardeti, G., Gruber, C., Eleni, C., Carletti, F., Castilletti, C., Manna, G….Autorino, G. (2017). Fatal Outbreak in Tonkean Macaques Caused by Possibly Novel Orthopoxvirus, Italy, January 2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 1941-1949. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.162098.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Spread of Canine Influenza A(H3N2) Virus, United States
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.44 MB – 8 pages]

    I. Voorhees et al.

       
    View Abstract

    A canine influenza A(H3N2) virus emerged in the United States in February–March 2015, causing respiratory disease in dogs. The virus had previously been circulating among dogs in Asia, where it originated through the transfer of an avian-origin influenza virus around 2005 and continues to circulate. Sequence analysis suggests the US outbreak was initiated by a single introduction, in Chicago, of an H3N2 canine influenza virus circulating among dogs in South Korea in 2015. Despite local control measures, the virus has continued circulating among dogs in and around Chicago and has spread to several other areas of the country, particularly Georgia and North Carolina, although these secondary outbreaks appear to have ended within a few months. Some genetic variation has accumulated among the US viruses, with the appearance of regional-temporal lineages. The potential for interspecies transmission and zoonotic events involving this newly emerged influenza A virus is currently unknown.

       
    Cite This Article

    Voorhees I, Glaser AL, Toohey-Kurth K, Newbury S, Dalziel BD, Dubovi E, et al. Spread of Canine Influenza A(H3N2) Virus, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):1950-1957. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170246
    Voorhees I, Glaser AL, Toohey-Kurth K, et al. Spread of Canine Influenza A(H3N2) Virus, United States. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):1950-1957. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170246.
    Voorhees, I., Glaser, A. L., Toohey-Kurth, K., Newbury, S., Dalziel, B. D., Dubovi, E….Parrish, C. R. (2017). Spread of Canine Influenza A(H3N2) Virus, United States. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 1950-1957. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170246.

       

    Email Email this Article

Research

Historical Review

  • History of Taenia saginata Tapeworms in Northern Russia
    PDF Version [PDF – 2.34 MB – 8 pages]

    S. V. Konyaev et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Taenia saginata is the most common species of tapeworm infecting humans. Infection is acquired by eating cysticercus larvae in undercooked beef. A closely related species, T. asiatica, is found in eastern and southeastern Asia. The larvae of T. asiatica develop in viscera of pigs. In northern Russia, there is a third member of this morphologically indistinguishable group. Cysticerci of so-called northern T. saginata are found in cerebral meninges of reindeer, and the unique life cycle is dependent on a native custom of eating raw reindeer brain. We report the winding history of this mysterious tapeworm from the first reports to the present time. In addition, we confirm the position of this parasite as a strain of T. saginata by analyzing a mitochondrial DNA sequence of an archival specimen. The origin of this strain might date back to reindeer domestication and contacts between cattle-herding and reindeer-herding peoples in Asia.

       
    Cite This Article

    Konyaev SV, Nakao M, Ito A, Lavikainen A. History of Taenia saginata Tapeworms in Northern Russia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2030-2037. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.162101
    Konyaev SV, Nakao M, Ito A, et al. History of Taenia saginata Tapeworms in Northern Russia. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2030-2037. doi:10.3201/eid2312.162101.
    Konyaev, S. V., Nakao, M., Ito, A., & Lavikainen, A. (2017). History of Taenia saginata Tapeworms in Northern Russia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2030-2037. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.162101.

       

    Email Email this Article

Dispatches

  • Outbreak of Yellow Fever among Nonhuman Primates, Espirito Santo, Brazil, 2017
    PDF Version [PDF – 2.47 MB – 4 pages]

    N. Fernandes et al.

       
    View Abstract

    In January 2017, a yellow fever outbreak occurred in Espirito Santo, Brazil, where human immunization coverage is low. Histologic, immunohistologic, and PCR examinations were performed for 22 deceased nonhuman New World primates; typical yellow fever features were found in 21. Diagnosis in nonhuman primates prompted early public health response.

       
    Cite This Article

    Fernandes N, Cunha M, Guerra J, Réssio R, Cirqueira C, Iglezias S, et al. Outbreak of Yellow Fever among Nonhuman Primates, Espirito Santo, Brazil, 2017. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2038-2041. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170685
    Fernandes N, Cunha M, Guerra J, et al. Outbreak of Yellow Fever among Nonhuman Primates, Espirito Santo, Brazil, 2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2038-2041. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170685.
    Fernandes, N., Cunha, M., Guerra, J., Réssio, R., Cirqueira, C., Iglezias, S….Díaz-Delgado, J. (2017). Outbreak of Yellow Fever among Nonhuman Primates, Espirito Santo, Brazil, 2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2038-2041. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170685.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Mycobacterium ulcerans DNA in Bandicoot Excreta in Buruli Ulcer–Endemic Area, Northern Queensland, Australia
    PDF Version [PDF – 2.79 MB – 4 pages]

    K. Röltgen et al.

       
    View Abstract

    To identify potential reservoirs/vectors of Mycobacterium ulcerans in northern Queensland, Australia, we analyzed environmental samples collected from the Daintree River catchment area, to which Buruli ulcer is endemic, and adjacent coastal lowlands by species-specific PCR. We detected M. ulcerans DNA in soil, mosquitoes, and excreta of bandicoots, which are small terrestrial marsupials.

       
    Cite This Article

    Röltgen K, Pluschke G, Johnson P, Fyfe J. Mycobacterium ulcerans DNA in Bandicoot Excreta in Buruli Ulcer–Endemic Area, Northern Queensland, Australia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2042-2045. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170780
    Röltgen K, Pluschke G, Johnson P, et al. Mycobacterium ulcerans DNA in Bandicoot Excreta in Buruli Ulcer–Endemic Area, Northern Queensland, Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2042-2045. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170780.
    Röltgen, K., Pluschke, G., Johnson, P., & Fyfe, J. (2017). Mycobacterium ulcerans DNA in Bandicoot Excreta in Buruli Ulcer–Endemic Area, Northern Queensland, Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2042-2045. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170780.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Avian Influenza A(H7N2) Virus in Human Exposed to Sick Cats, New York, USA, 2016
    PDF Version [PDF – 2.25 MB – 4 pages]

    A. Marinova-Petkova et al.

       
    View Abstract

    An outbreak of influenza A(H7N2) virus in cats in a shelter in New York, NY, USA, resulted in zoonotic transmission. Virus isolated from the infected human was closely related to virus isolated from a cat; both were related to low pathogenicity avian influenza A(H7N2) viruses detected in the United States during the early 2000s.

       
    Cite This Article

    Marinova-Petkova A, Laplante J, Jang Y, Lynch B, Zanders N, Rodriguez M, et al. Avian Influenza A(H7N2) Virus in Human Exposed to Sick Cats, New York, USA, 2016. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2046-2049. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170798
    Marinova-Petkova A, Laplante J, Jang Y, et al. Avian Influenza A(H7N2) Virus in Human Exposed to Sick Cats, New York, USA, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2046-2049. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170798.
    Marinova-Petkova, A., Laplante, J., Jang, Y., Lynch, B., Zanders, N., Rodriguez, M….Davis, C. (2017). Avian Influenza A(H7N2) Virus in Human Exposed to Sick Cats, New York, USA, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2046-2049. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170798.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Deaths among Wild Birds during Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus Outbreak, the Netherlands
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.77 MB – 5 pages]

    E. Kleyheeg et al.

       
    View Abstract

    During autumn–winter 2016–2017, highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) viruses caused mass die-offs among wild birds in the Netherlands. Among the ≈13,600 birds reported dead, most were tufted ducks (Aythya fuligula) and Eurasian wigeons (Anas penelope). Recurrence of avian influenza outbreaks might alter wild bird population dynamics.

       
    Cite This Article

    Kleyheeg E, Slaterus R, Bodewes R, Rijks JM, Spierenburg M, Beerens N, et al. Deaths among Wild Birds during Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus Outbreak, the Netherlands. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2050-2054. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171086
    Kleyheeg E, Slaterus R, Bodewes R, et al. Deaths among Wild Birds during Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus Outbreak, the Netherlands. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2050-2054. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171086.
    Kleyheeg, E., Slaterus, R., Bodewes, R., Rijks, J. M., Spierenburg, M., Beerens, N….van der Jeugd, H. P. (2017). Deaths among Wild Birds during Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus Outbreak, the Netherlands. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2050-2054. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171086.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Pathogenic Elizabethkingia miricola Infection in Cultured Black-Spotted Frogs, China, 2016
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.68 MB – 5 pages]

    R. Hu et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Multiregional outbreaks of meningitis-like disease caused by Elizabethkingia miricola were confirmed in black-spotted frog farms in China in 2016. Whole-genome sequencing revealed that this amphibian E. miricola strain is closely related to human clinical isolates. Our findings indicate that E. miricola can be epizootic and may pose a threat to humans.

       
    Cite This Article

    Hu R, Yuan J, Meng Y, Wang Z, Gu Z. Pathogenic Elizabethkingia miricola Infection in Cultured Black-Spotted Frogs, China, 2016. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2055-2059. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170942
    Hu R, Yuan J, Meng Y, et al. Pathogenic Elizabethkingia miricola Infection in Cultured Black-Spotted Frogs, China, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2055-2059. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170942.
    Hu, R., Yuan, J., Meng, Y., Wang, Z., & Gu, Z. (2017). Pathogenic Elizabethkingia miricola Infection in Cultured Black-Spotted Frogs, China, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2055-2059. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170942.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • West Nile Virus Lineage 2 in Horses and Other Animals with Neurologic Disease, South Africa, 2008–2015
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.02 MB – 5 pages]

    M. Venter et al.

       
    View Abstract

    During 2008–2015 in South Africa, we conducted West Nile virus surveillance in 1,407 animals with neurologic disease and identified mostly lineage 2 cases in horses (7.4%, 79/1,069), livestock (1.5%, 2/132), and wildlife (0.5%, 1/206); 35% were fatal. Geographic correlation of horse cases with seropositive veterinarians suggests disease in horses can predict risk in humans.

       
    Cite This Article

    Venter M, Pretorius M, Fuller JA, Botha E, Rakgotho M, Stivaktas V, et al. West Nile Virus Lineage 2 in Horses and Other Animals with Neurologic Disease, South Africa, 2008–2015. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2060-2064. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.162078
    Venter M, Pretorius M, Fuller JA, et al. West Nile Virus Lineage 2 in Horses and Other Animals with Neurologic Disease, South Africa, 2008–2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2060-2064. doi:10.3201/eid2312.162078.
    Venter, M., Pretorius, M., Fuller, J. A., Botha, E., Rakgotho, M., Stivaktas, V….Williams, J. (2017). West Nile Virus Lineage 2 in Horses and Other Animals with Neurologic Disease, South Africa, 2008–2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2060-2064. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.162078.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Tick-Borne Encephalitis in Sheep, Romania
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.07 MB – 3 pages]

    J. Salat et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Little is known about the occurrence of tick-borne encephalitis in Romania. Sheep are an infection source for humans and are useful sentinels for risk analysis. We demonstrate high antibody prevalence (15.02%) among sheep used as sentinels for this disease in 80% of the tested localities in 5 counties of northwestern Romania.

       
    Cite This Article

    Salat J, Mihalca AD, Mihaiu M, Modrý D, Ruzek D. Tick-Borne Encephalitis in Sheep, Romania. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2065-2067. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170166
    Salat J, Mihalca AD, Mihaiu M, et al. Tick-Borne Encephalitis in Sheep, Romania. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2065-2067. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170166.
    Salat, J., Mihalca, A. D., Mihaiu, M., Modrý, D., & Ruzek, D. (2017). Tick-Borne Encephalitis in Sheep, Romania. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2065-2067. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170166.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Medscape CME Activity
    Newly Recognized Pediatric Cases of Typhus Group Rickettsiosis, Houston, Texas, USA
    PDF Version [PDF – 540 KB – 4 pages]

    T. Erickson et al.

       
    View Abstract

    An increase in typhus group rickettsiosis and an expanding geographic range occurred in Texas, USA, over a decade. Because this illness commonly affects children, we retrospectively examined medical records from 2008–2016 at a large Houston-area pediatric hospital and identified 36 cases. The earliest known cases were diagnosed in 2011.

       
    Cite This Article

    Erickson T, da Silva J, Nolan MS, Marquez L, Munoz FM, Murray KO, et al. Newly Recognized Pediatric Cases of Typhus Group Rickettsiosis, Houston, Texas, USA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2068-2071. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170631
    Erickson T, da Silva J, Nolan MS, et al. Newly Recognized Pediatric Cases of Typhus Group Rickettsiosis, Houston, Texas, USA. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2068-2071. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170631.
    Erickson, T., da Silva, J., Nolan, M. S., Marquez, L., Munoz, F. M., & Murray, K. O. (2017). Newly Recognized Pediatric Cases of Typhus Group Rickettsiosis, Houston, Texas, USA. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2068-2071. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170631.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Identification of Dermacentor reticulatus Ticks Carrying Rickettsia raoultii on Migrating Jackal, Denmark
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.53 MB – 4 pages]

    K. Klitgaard et al.

       
    View Abstract

    From a migrating golden jackal (Canis aureus), we retrieved 21 live male Dermacentor reticulatus ticks, a species not previously reported from wildlife in Denmark. We identified Rickettsia raoultii from 18 (86%) of the ticks. This bacterium is associated with scalp eschar and neck lymphadenopathy after tick bite syndrome among humans.

       
    Cite This Article

    Klitgaard K, Chriél M, Isbrand A, Jensen TK, Bødker R. Identification of Dermacentor reticulatus Ticks Carrying Rickettsia raoultii on Migrating Jackal, Denmark. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2072-2074. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170919
    Klitgaard K, Chriél M, Isbrand A, et al. Identification of Dermacentor reticulatus Ticks Carrying Rickettsia raoultii on Migrating Jackal, Denmark. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2072-2074. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170919.
    Klitgaard, K., Chriél, M., Isbrand, A., Jensen, T. K., & Bødker, R. (2017). Identification of Dermacentor reticulatus Ticks Carrying Rickettsia raoultii on Migrating Jackal, Denmark. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2072-2074. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170919.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Investigation of Acute Flaccid Paralysis Reported with La Crosse Virus Infection, Ohio, USA, 2008–2014
    PDF Version [PDF – 667 KB – 3 pages]

    M. J. Hennessey et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Infection with La Crosse virus can cause meningoencephalitis, but it is not known to cause acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). During 2008–2014, nine confirmed or probable La Crosse virus disease cases with possible AFP were reported in Ohio, USA. After an epidemiologic and clinical investigation, we determined no patients truly had AFP.

       
    Cite This Article

    Hennessey MJ, Pastula DM, Machesky K, Fischer M, Lindsey NP, DiOrio M, et al. Investigation of Acute Flaccid Paralysis Reported with La Crosse Virus Infection, Ohio, USA, 2008–2014. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2075-2077. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170944
    Hennessey MJ, Pastula DM, Machesky K, et al. Investigation of Acute Flaccid Paralysis Reported with La Crosse Virus Infection, Ohio, USA, 2008–2014. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2075-2077. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170944.
    Hennessey, M. J., Pastula, D. M., Machesky, K., Fischer, M., Lindsey, N. P., DiOrio, M….de Fijter, S. (2017). Investigation of Acute Flaccid Paralysis Reported with La Crosse Virus Infection, Ohio, USA, 2008–2014. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2075-2077. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170944.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Phylogenetic Characterization of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Spain
    PDF Version [PDF – 729 KB – 3 pages]

    E. Ramírez de Arellano et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Two cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever were reported in Spain during 2016. We obtained the virus from a patient sample and characterized its full genomic sequence. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the virus corresponds to the African genotype III, which includes viruses previously found in West and South Africa.

       
    Cite This Article

    Ramírez de Arellano E, Hernández L, Goyanes M, Arsuaga M, Cruz A, Negredo A, et al. Phylogenetic Characterization of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Spain. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2078-2080. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171002
    Ramírez de Arellano E, Hernández L, Goyanes M, et al. Phylogenetic Characterization of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Spain. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2078-2080. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171002.
    Ramírez de Arellano, E., Hernández, L., Goyanes, M., Arsuaga, M., Cruz, A., Negredo, A….Sánchez-Seco, M. (2017). Phylogenetic Characterization of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Spain. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2078-2080. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171002.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Lack of Secondary Transmission of Ebola Virus from Healthcare Worker to 238 Contacts, United Kingdom, December 2014
    PDF Version [PDF – 991 KB – 4 pages]

    P. Crook et al.

       
    View Abstract

    In December 2014, Ebola virus disease (EVD) was diagnosed in a healthcare worker in the United Kingdom after the worker returned from an Ebola treatment center in Sierra Leone. The worker flew on 2 flights during the early stages of disease. Follow-up of 238 contacts showed no evidence of secondary transmission of Ebola virus.

       
    Cite This Article

    Crook P, Smith-Palmer A, Maguire H, McCarthy N, Kirkbride H, Court B, et al. Lack of Secondary Transmission of Ebola Virus from Healthcare Worker to 238 Contacts, United Kingdom, December 2014. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2081-2084. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171100
    Crook P, Smith-Palmer A, Maguire H, et al. Lack of Secondary Transmission of Ebola Virus from Healthcare Worker to 238 Contacts, United Kingdom, December 2014. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2081-2084. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171100.
    Crook, P., Smith-Palmer, A., Maguire, H., McCarthy, N., Kirkbride, H., Court, B….Oliver, I. (2017). Lack of Secondary Transmission of Ebola Virus from Healthcare Worker to 238 Contacts, United Kingdom, December 2014. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2081-2084. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171100.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Diagnostic Accuracy of Parameters for Zika and Dengue Virus Infections, Singapore
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.89 MB – 4 pages]

    H. J. Ho et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Singapore experienced its first documented Zika virus outbreak in 2016. We identified clinical and laboratory parameters that increase the probability for Zika or dengue virus infection. Early during the illness, combinations of key parameters obtained through clinical assessment and hematologic tests can help distinguish between these infections.

       
    Cite This Article

    Ho HJ, Wong J, Mar Kyaw W, Lye DC, Leo Y, Chow A, et al. Diagnostic Accuracy of Parameters for Zika and Dengue Virus Infections, Singapore. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2085-2088. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171224
    Ho HJ, Wong J, Mar Kyaw W, et al. Diagnostic Accuracy of Parameters for Zika and Dengue Virus Infections, Singapore. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2085-2088. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171224.
    Ho, H. J., Wong, J., Mar Kyaw, W., Lye, D. C., Leo, Y., & Chow, A. (2017). Diagnostic Accuracy of Parameters for Zika and Dengue Virus Infections, Singapore. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2085-2088. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171224.

       

    Email Email this Article

Research Letters

  • New Avian Hepadnavirus in Palaeognathous Bird, Germany
    PDF Version [PDF – 594 KB – 3 pages]

    W. K. Jo et al.

       
    View Abstract

    In 2015, we identified an avian hepatitis B virus associated with hepatitis in a group of captive elegant-crested tinamous (Eudromia elegans) in Germany. The full-length genome of this virus shares <76% sequence identity with other avihepadnaviruses. The virus may therefore be considered a new extant avian hepadnavirus.

       
    Cite This Article

    Jo WK, Pfankuche VM, Petersen H, Frei S, Kummrow M, Lorenzen S, et al. New Avian Hepadnavirus in Palaeognathous Bird, Germany. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2089-2091. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.161634
    Jo WK, Pfankuche VM, Petersen H, et al. New Avian Hepadnavirus in Palaeognathous Bird, Germany. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2089-2091. doi:10.3201/eid2312.161634.
    Jo, W. K., Pfankuche, V. M., Petersen, H., Frei, S., Kummrow, M., Lorenzen, S….van der Vries, E. (2017). New Avian Hepadnavirus in Palaeognathous Bird, Germany. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2089-2091. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.161634.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Acute Myopericarditis Associated with Tickborne Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae
    PDF Version [PDF – 406 KB – 3 pages]

    P. Revilla-Martí et al.

       
    View Abstract

    We report an unusual case of myopericarditis caused by Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae. Because of increasing reports of Rickettsia spp. as etiologic agents of acute myopericarditis and the ease and success with which it was treated in the patient reported here, rickettsial infection should be included in the differential diagnosis for myopericarditis.

       
    Cite This Article

    Revilla-Martí P, Cecilio-Irazola Á, Gayán-Ordás J, Sanjoaquín-Conde I, Linares-Vicente J, Oteo JA, et al. Acute Myopericarditis Associated with Tickborne Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2091-2093. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170293
    Revilla-Martí P, Cecilio-Irazola Á, Gayán-Ordás J, et al. Acute Myopericarditis Associated with Tickborne Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2091-2093. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170293.
    Revilla-Martí, P., Cecilio-Irazola, Á., Gayán-Ordás, J., Sanjoaquín-Conde, I., Linares-Vicente, J., & Oteo, J. A. (2017). Acute Myopericarditis Associated with Tickborne Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2091-2093. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170293.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O80:H2 in Young Calves with Diarrhea, Belgium
    PDF Version [PDF – 437 KB – 3 pages]

    D. Thiry et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Serogroup O80 was detected in 40% of 104 enteropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from calves with diarrhea from 42 farms in Belgium during 2008‒2015. These isolates harbored the eae-ξ and fliCH2 genes, similar to the O80 attaching-effacing Shigatoxigenic E. coli isolates found in humans in France. This strain might be emerging.

       
    Cite This Article

    Thiry D, Saulmont M, Takaki S, De Rauw K, Duprez J, Iguchi A, et al. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O80:H2 in Young Calves with Diarrhea, Belgium. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2093-2095. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170450
    Thiry D, Saulmont M, Takaki S, et al. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O80:H2 in Young Calves with Diarrhea, Belgium. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2093-2095. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170450.
    Thiry, D., Saulmont, M., Takaki, S., De Rauw, K., Duprez, J., Iguchi, A….Mainil, J. G. (2017). Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O80:H2 in Young Calves with Diarrhea, Belgium. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2093-2095. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170450.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Incentives for Bushmeat Consumption and Importation among West African Immigrants, Minnesota, USA
    PDF Version [PDF – 374 KB – 3 pages]

    E. Walz et al.

       
    View Abstract

    The knowledge, attitudes, and practices surrounding bushmeat consumption and importation in the United States are not well described. Focus groups of West African persons living in Minnesota, USA, found that perceived risks are low and unlikely to deter consumers. Incentives for importation and consumption were multifactorial in this community.

       
    Cite This Article

    Walz E, Wilson D, Stauffer JC, Wanduragala D, Stauffer WM, Travis DA, et al. Incentives for Bushmeat Consumption and Importation among West African Immigrants, Minnesota, USA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2095-2097. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170563
    Walz E, Wilson D, Stauffer JC, et al. Incentives for Bushmeat Consumption and Importation among West African Immigrants, Minnesota, USA. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2095-2097. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170563.
    Walz, E., Wilson, D., Stauffer, J. C., Wanduragala, D., Stauffer, W. M., Travis, D. A….Alpern, J. D. (2017). Incentives for Bushmeat Consumption and Importation among West African Immigrants, Minnesota, USA. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2095-2097. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170563.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Porcine Astrovirus Type 3 in Central Nervous System of Swine with Polioencephalomyelitis
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.17 MB – 4 pages]

    B. Arruda et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Using next-generation sequencing, we identified and genetically characterized a porcine astrovirus type 3 strain found in tissues from the central nervous system of 1 piglet and 3 sows with neurologic signs and nonsuppurative polioencephalomyelitis. Further studies are needed to understand the potential for cross-species transmission and clinical impact.

       
    Cite This Article

    Arruda B, Arruda P, Hensch M, Chen Q, Zheng Y, Yang C, et al. Porcine Astrovirus Type 3 in Central Nervous System of Swine with Polioencephalomyelitis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2097-2100. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170703
    Arruda B, Arruda P, Hensch M, et al. Porcine Astrovirus Type 3 in Central Nervous System of Swine with Polioencephalomyelitis. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2097-2100. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170703.
    Arruda, B., Arruda, P., Hensch, M., Chen, Q., Zheng, Y., Yang, C….Li, G. (2017). Porcine Astrovirus Type 3 in Central Nervous System of Swine with Polioencephalomyelitis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2097-2100. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170703.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Avian Influenza (H7N9) Viruses Co-circulating among Chickens, Southern China
    PDF Version [PDF – 608 KB – 3 pages]

    N. Wang et al.

       
    View Abstract

    In April 2017, three avian influenza (H7N9) viruses were isolated from chickens in southern China. Each virus had different insertion points in the cleavage site of the hemagglutinin protein compared to the first identified H7N9 virus. We determined that these viruses were double or triple reassortant viruses.

       
    Cite This Article

    Wang N, Sun M, Wang W, Ouyang G, Chen Z, Zhang Y, et al. Avian Influenza (H7N9) Viruses Co-circulating among Chickens, Southern China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2100-2102. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170782
    Wang N, Sun M, Wang W, et al. Avian Influenza (H7N9) Viruses Co-circulating among Chickens, Southern China. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2100-2102. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170782.
    Wang, N., Sun, M., Wang, W., Ouyang, G., Chen, Z., Zhang, Y….Jiao, P. (2017). Avian Influenza (H7N9) Viruses Co-circulating among Chickens, Southern China. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2100-2102. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170782.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Rabies and Distemper Outbreaks in Smallest Ethiopian Wolf Population
    PDF Version [PDF – 390 KB – 3 pages]

    J. Marino et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Widespread deaths recently devastated the smallest known population of Ethiopian wolves. Of 7 carcasses found, all 3 tested were positive for rabies. Two wolves were subsequently vaccinated for rabies; 1 of these later died from canine distemper. Only 2 of a known population of 13 wolves survived.

       
    Cite This Article

    Marino J, Sillero-Zubiri C, Deressa A, Bedin E, Bitewa A, Lema F, et al. Rabies and Distemper Outbreaks in Smallest Ethiopian Wolf Population. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2102-2104. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170893
    Marino J, Sillero-Zubiri C, Deressa A, et al. Rabies and Distemper Outbreaks in Smallest Ethiopian Wolf Population. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2102-2104. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170893.
    Marino, J., Sillero-Zubiri, C., Deressa, A., Bedin, E., Bitewa, A., Lema, F….Fooks, A. R. (2017). Rabies and Distemper Outbreaks in Smallest Ethiopian Wolf Population. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2102-2104. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170893.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • High Abundance and Genetic Variability of Atypical Porcine Pestivirus in Pigs from Europe and Asia
    PDF Version [PDF – 926 KB – 4 pages]

    A. Postel et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Atypical porcine pestivirus (APPV) was recently reported to be associated with neurologic disorders in newborn piglets. Investigations of 1,460 serum samples of apparently healthy pigs from different parts of Europe and Asia demonstrate a geographically wide distribution of genetically highly variable APPV and high APPV genome and antibody detection rates.

       
    Cite This Article

    Postel A, Meyer D, Cagatay G, Feliziani F, De Mia G, Fischer N, et al. High Abundance and Genetic Variability of Atypical Porcine Pestivirus in Pigs from Europe and Asia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2104-2107. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170951
    Postel A, Meyer D, Cagatay G, et al. High Abundance and Genetic Variability of Atypical Porcine Pestivirus in Pigs from Europe and Asia. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2104-2107. doi:10.3201/eid2312.170951.
    Postel, A., Meyer, D., Cagatay, G., Feliziani, F., De Mia, G., Fischer, N….Becher, P. (2017). High Abundance and Genetic Variability of Atypical Porcine Pestivirus in Pigs from Europe and Asia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2104-2107. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.170951.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Human Case of Streptococcus suis Disease, Ontario, Canada
    PDF Version [PDF – 454 KB – 3 pages]

    J. Gomez-Torres et al.

       
    View Abstract

    We report a case of Streptococcus suis human disease in Ontario, Canada, caused by a serotype 2 strain genotypically similar to those commonly isolated from pigs in North America. Initially, the isolate was misidentified as a viridans group Streptococcus. Human S. suis infections may be underdiagnosed in North America.

       
    Cite This Article

    Gomez-Torres J, Nimir A, Cluett J, Aggarwal A, Elsayed S, Soares D, et al. Human Case of Streptococcus suis Disease, Ontario, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2107-2109. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171005
    Gomez-Torres J, Nimir A, Cluett J, et al. Human Case of Streptococcus suis Disease, Ontario, Canada. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2107-2109. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171005.
    Gomez-Torres, J., Nimir, A., Cluett, J., Aggarwal, A., Elsayed, S., Soares, D….Fittipaldi, N. (2017). Human Case of Streptococcus suis Disease, Ontario, Canada. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2107-2109. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171005.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Moku Virus in Invasive Asian Hornets, Belgium, 2016
    PDF Version [PDF – 570 KB – 4 pages]

    M. Garigliany et al.

       
    View Abstract

    We report the detection of Moku virus in invasive Asian hornets (Vespa velutina nigrithorax) in Belgium. This constitutes an unexpected report of this iflavirus outside Hawaii, USA, where it was recently described in social wasps. Although virulence of Moku virus is unknown, its potential spread raises concern for European honeybee populations.

       
    Cite This Article

    Garigliany M, Taminiau B, El Agrebi N, Cadar D, Gilliaux G, Hue M, et al. Moku Virus in Invasive Asian Hornets, Belgium, 2016. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2109-2112. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171080
    Garigliany M, Taminiau B, El Agrebi N, et al. Moku Virus in Invasive Asian Hornets, Belgium, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2109-2112. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171080.
    Garigliany, M., Taminiau, B., El Agrebi, N., Cadar, D., Gilliaux, G., Hue, M….Saegerman, C. (2017). Moku Virus in Invasive Asian Hornets, Belgium, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2109-2112. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171080.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Angiostrongylus cantonensis DNA in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Persons with Eosinophilic Meningitis, Laos
    PDF Version [PDF – 382 KB – 2 pages]

    D. Ming et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Definitive identification of Angiostrongylus cantonensis parasites from clinical specimens is difficult. As a result, regional epidemiology and burden are poorly characterized. To ascertain presence of this parasite in patients in Laos with eosinophilic meningitis, we performed quantitative PCRs on 36 cerebrospinal fluid samples; 4 positive samples confirmed the parasite’s presence.

       
    Cite This Article

    Ming D, Rattanavong S, Bharucha T, Sengvilaipaseuth O, Dubot-Pérès A, Newton PN, et al. Angiostrongylus cantonensis DNA in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Persons with Eosinophilic Meningitis, Laos. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2112-2113. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171107
    Ming D, Rattanavong S, Bharucha T, et al. Angiostrongylus cantonensis DNA in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Persons with Eosinophilic Meningitis, Laos. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2112-2113. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171107.
    Ming, D., Rattanavong, S., Bharucha, T., Sengvilaipaseuth, O., Dubot-Pérès, A., Newton, P. N….Robinson, M. T. (2017). Angiostrongylus cantonensis DNA in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Persons with Eosinophilic Meningitis, Laos. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2112-2113. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171107.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Tool for Eliminating Dog-Mediated Human Rabies through Mass Dog Vaccination Campaigns
    PDF Version [PDF – 572 KB – 3 pages]

    E. A. Undurraga et al.

       
    View Abstract

    The World Health Organization and collaborating agencies have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies by 2030. Building on experience with rabies endemic countries, we constructed a user-friendly tool to help public health officials plan the resources needed to achieve this goal through mass vaccination of dogs.

       
    Cite This Article

    Undurraga EA, Blanton JD, Thumbi S, Mwatondo A, Muturi M, Wallace RM, et al. Tool for Eliminating Dog-Mediated Human Rabies through Mass Dog Vaccination Campaigns. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2114-2116. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171148
    Undurraga EA, Blanton JD, Thumbi S, et al. Tool for Eliminating Dog-Mediated Human Rabies through Mass Dog Vaccination Campaigns. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2114-2116. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171148.
    Undurraga, E. A., Blanton, J. D., Thumbi, S., Mwatondo, A., Muturi, M., & Wallace, R. M. (2017). Tool for Eliminating Dog-Mediated Human Rabies through Mass Dog Vaccination Campaigns. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2114-2116. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171148.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Unexpected Infection with Armillifer Parasites
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.73 MB – 3 pages]

    I. Potters et al.

       
    View Abstract

    Visceral pentastomiasis is usually found incidentally during surgery. We describe a case of visceral pentastomiasis discovered during inguinoscrotal hernia surgery for a man from Benin, Africa. Because surgical removal of nymphs is needed for symptomatic patients only, this patient’s asymptomatic pentastomiasis was not treated and he recovered from surgery uneventfully.

       
    Cite This Article

    Potters I, Desaive C, Van Den Broucke S, Van Esbroeck M, Lynen L. Unexpected Infection with Armillifer Parasites. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2116-2118. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171189
    Potters I, Desaive C, Van Den Broucke S, et al. Unexpected Infection with Armillifer Parasites. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2116-2118. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171189.
    Potters, I., Desaive, C., Van Den Broucke, S., Van Esbroeck, M., & Lynen, L. (2017). Unexpected Infection with Armillifer Parasites. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2116-2118. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171189.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Influenza A(H9N2) Virus, Burkina Faso
    PDF Version [PDF – 341 KB – 2 pages]

    B. Zecchin et al.

       
    View Abstract

    We identified influenza A(H9N2) virus G1 lineage in poultry in Burkina Faso. Urgent actions are needed to raise awareness about the risk associated with spread of this zoonotic virus subtype in the area and to construct a strategy for effective prevention and control of influenza caused by this virus.

       
    Cite This Article

    Zecchin B, Minoungou G, Fusaro A, Moctar S, Ouedraogo-Kaboré A, Schivo A, et al. Influenza A(H9N2) Virus, Burkina Faso. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2118-2119. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171294
    Zecchin B, Minoungou G, Fusaro A, et al. Influenza A(H9N2) Virus, Burkina Faso. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2118-2119. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171294.
    Zecchin, B., Minoungou, G., Fusaro, A., Moctar, S., Ouedraogo-Kaboré, A., Schivo, A….Monne, I. (2017). Influenza A(H9N2) Virus, Burkina Faso. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2118-2119. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171294.

       

    Email Email this Article

  • Detection of Zika Virus in April 2013 Patient Samples, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    PDF Version [PDF – 337 KB – 2 pages]

    S. R. Passos et al.

       
    View Abstract

    We tested 210 dengue virus‒negative samples collected from febrile patients during a dengue virus type 4 outbreak in Rio de Janeiro in April 2013 and found 3 samples positive for Zika virus. Our findings support previously published entomological data suggesting Zika virus was introduced into Brazil during October 2012–May 2013.

       
    Cite This Article

    Passos SR, Borges dos Santos MA, Cerbino-Neto J, Buonora SN, Souza T, de Oliveira R, et al. Detection of Zika Virus in April 2013 Patient Samples, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2120-2121. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171375
    Passos SR, Borges dos Santos MA, Cerbino-Neto J, et al. Detection of Zika Virus in April 2013 Patient Samples, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2120-2121. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171375.
    Passos, S. R., Borges dos Santos, M. A., Cerbino-Neto, J., Buonora, S. N., Souza, T., de Oliveira, R….Hökerberg, Y. (2017). Detection of Zika Virus in April 2013 Patient Samples, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2120-2121. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171375.

       

    Email Email this Article

Letters

  • Wildlife as Source of Human Escherichia coli O157 Infection
    PDF Version [PDF – 1.87 MB – 1 page]

    B. Crook and H. Senior

       
       
    Cite This Article

    Crook B, Senior H Senior. Wildlife as Source of Human Escherichia coli O157 Infection. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(12):2122. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171210
    Crook B, Senior H Senior. Wildlife as Source of Human Escherichia coli O157 Infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(12):2122. doi:10.3201/eid2312.171210.
    Crook, B., & Senior, H., Senior. (2017). Wildlife as Source of Human Escherichia coli O157 Infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(12), 2122. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2312.171210.

       

    Email Email this Article

Books and Media

About the Cover

Etymologia

%d bloggers like this: