An Investigation of SDF1/CXCR4 Gene Polymorphisms in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Family-Based Study.
Psychiatry Investig. 2018 Feb 22;:
Authors: Kara T, Akaltun İ, Cakmakoglu B, Kaya İ, Zoroğlu S
Objective: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have a complex pathophysiology including genetic, inflammatory and neurodevelopmental components. We aim to investigate the relationship between ASD and gene polymorphisms of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4), which may affect inflammatory and neurodevelopmental processes.
Methods: 101 children diagnosed with ASD aged 2-18 and their biological parents were included in the study. All participants were assessed using an information form and the Children were assessed using Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). SDF-1 G801→A and CXCR4 C13→T polymorphisms were detected by genetic techniques. The results were evaluated using the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and haplotype relative risk (HRR).
Results: Following TDT evaluation for CXCR4, the assumption of equality was not rejected (χ2=1.385, p=0.239). HRR for the C allele was 1.037 [HRR (95%CI)=0.937 (0.450-2.387), χ2=0.007, p=0.933] and HRR for the T allele was 0.965 [HRR (95%CI)=0.965 (0.419- 2.221), χ2=1.219, p=0.270], but the findings were statistically insignificant. Based on TDT evaluation for SDF1, the assumption of equality cannot be rejected (χ2=0, p=0.999). HRR for the A allele was 0.701 [HRR (95%CI)=0.701 (0.372-1.319), χ2=1.219, p=0.270] and HRR for the G allele was 1.427 [HRR (95%CI)=1.427 (0.758-2.686), χ2=1.219, p=0.270], but the findings were statistically insignificant.
Conclusion: The genetic screening of blood samples from mother, father and child trios could not show a significant association between SDF1/CXCR4 genes and ASD on the basis of TDT and HRR tests. More extensive genetic studies are now needed to investigate the relationship between SDF1/CXCR4 gene polymorphisms and ASD.
PMID: 29475239 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]